Retinal Care in Fort Myers, FL

What Are Retinal Diseases?

Complications with the retina have the potential to impair your vision for life. The team at Eye Centers of Florida recognizes the seriousness and urgency of retinal diseases and we’re here to help ensure that you get a timely diagnosis and proper treatment any time something’s wrong with your eyes.

With our expert retinal surgery specialists, premium technology, and advanced medical techniques, we have everything necessary to provide you the emergency retina care you need.

A retinal disease is simply classified as any condition that affects your retina. The retina is crucial for vision, meaning that almost all cases of retinal diseases require urgent medical care. If untreated, these conditions can cause significant vision loss or even blindness.

Closeup of green eye

What is the Retina?

The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eyeball and contains millions of photoreceptor cells. In the center of the retina is the macula. The macula is the part of the eye that gives us clear sight and color vision.

How Does the Retina Work?

When light enters the eye, it’s focused on the retina. The retina takes this light and converts it into chemical and nervous signals using photoreceptors. These signals are interpreted by the brain into the images we see.

Man receiving eye exam

Common Retinal Diseases

Two of the most common types of retinal diseases are age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy.

Macular degeneration occurs when the macula deteriorates, often with age. The macula is responsible for the sight that’s used for reading, driving, and other fine-detail work. AMD often occurs as part of the natural aging process; it’s the number one cause of legal blindness in people over the age of 50. As many as 11 million people in the U.S. have some form of macular degeneration.

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disease related to diabetes. Diabetics often experience changes in the blood vessels in the retina. The vessels can swell, leak fluid and blood, and even close-off completely. In some cases, abnormal blood vessels begin to grow on the retina, which can lead to a retinal detachment. Diabetic retinopathy is a progressive disease that can lead to a loss of vision if not treated early enough.

Symptoms of Retinal Diseases

Many retinal diseases share common signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Distortions in your vision, such as straight lines appearing curved
  • Blurry vision
  • Difficulty adjusting to changes in light
  • A sudden loss of central vision, resulting in blank or dark areas
  • Seeing distorted colors
  • Spots, dots, or cobweb-like dark strings floating in your vision
  • A shadow over your field of vision

Retinal diseases are emergency situations that often require immediate attention, but treatment outcomes can be improved with early detection in a routine eye exam.

Other Common Retinal Diseases and Conditions

Your retinal issue can stem from one of a wide variety of conditions. Defining the cause of your retinal disease is essential to determining a proper treatment plan.Some common retinal diseases and conditions are:

  • Macular edema: A swelling and thickening of the macula that distorts vision.
  • Central serous retinopathy: When fluid builds up under the retina and forms a small detachment that causes distorted vision.
  • Uveitis: A form of eye inflammation that affects the uvea, causing redness, pain, and blurred vision.
  • Endophthalmitis: An eye infection that leads to inflammation of the white of the eye, pain, and decreased vision.
  • Retinal vascular occlusions: When blocked or clotted blood vessels in the retina prevent proper filtering of light, resulting in vision loss.
  • Macular hole: A break in the macula that causes blurred and distorted vision.
  • Epiretinal membrane: When a thin layer of scar tissue forms on the retina and directly affects the macula.
  • Retinal detachments and tears: When the retina pulls away from its normal lining of the eye, separating retinal cells from the essential nutrients provided by blood vessels. This can result in permanent vision loss if not treated quickly.

Retinal Specialties and Treatments in Fort Myers

Along with performing surgeries to treat retinal diseases, our team in Fort Myers also specializes in other treatments, such as:

  • Intravitreal and steroid treatments: Injecting medication directly into the vitreous cavity at the back of the eye to treat retinal diseases
  • Pars plana lensectomy: Treating cataracts, sometimes caused by uveitis, by removing the entire lens of the eye
  • Removal of dislocated IOLs: Removing an IOL that has become dislocated into the retina
  • Surgical management of vitreous degeneration and opacities: Fixing the vitreous so that floaters will no longer impair vision

Why Choose Eye Centers of Florida for your Retinal Care?

Your retina is essential to proper, lasting vision and if you experience problems with your retina, you need immediate, quality care. From our experienced retinal surgery team to the cutting-edge equipment used in our Accredited SurgiCare Center, Eye Centers of Florida has the resources needed to provide you with prompt-yet-comprehensive, retinal care.

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